Soukous

Congolese rumba
Rumba Lingala
Cuban son
Lingala
rumba
related: kwasa kwasa, zouk

30s-40s
Afro-Cuban son:
Septeto Habanero, Trio Matamoros and Los Guaracheros de Oriente

50s
Congolese rumba:
Antoine Kolosoy, also known as Papa Wendo, with his regular band, Victoria Bakolo Miziki
Grand Kalle et l’African Jazz (also known as African Jazz) led by Joseph Kabasele Tshamala (Grand Kalle),
OK Jazz later renamed TPOK Jazz (Tout Puissant Orchestre Kinshasa, meaning “all-powerful Kinshasa band”) led by Franco (Franco Luambo) (One of the musical innovations of Franco’s band was the mi-solo (meaning “half solo”) guitarist, playing arpeggio patterns and filling a role between the lead and rhythm guitars.)

50s-60s
Tabu Ley Rochereau and Dr. Nico Kasanda formed African Fiesta
Papa Wemba and Sam Mangwana joined

Congolese “rumba” eventually evolved into soukous.
Tabu Ley Rochereau
Dr Nico Kasanda
Koffi Olomide,
Tshala Muana
Wenge Musica.
Lipua-Lipua,
Veve,
TP OK Jazz
Bella Bella

younger Congolese musicians looked for ways to reduce that influence and play a faster paced soukous inspired by rock n roll: Zaiko Langa Langa, Pepe Kalle, Empire Bakuba, Papy Tex

East Africa in the 1970s (spreading to Tanzania, Kenya)
influenced the genres highlife, palm-wine music, taarab and makossa
related dance craze: cavacha
Zaiko Langa Langa
Orchestra Shama Shama
Tanzanian bands: Simba Wanyika, Les Wanyika, Super Wanyika Stars
Kenyan: Orchestra Makassy, Super Mazembe
Samba Mapangala and his band Orchestra Virunga,
Les Mangelepa
incorporated: benga music for “Swahili sound” or “Congolese sound”